- 3571 houses destroyed
- 2993 homes in danger of collapse
- over 25,000 homes with functional capacity affected
- 3,500 km of damaged roads and streets;
- 699 average size bridges damaged;
- 1,553 small bridges damaged;
- 52 km water supply lines affected;
- 408 km power lines affected;
- 45,000 water wells flooded;
- 31 counties affected;
- 480 communities (villages, towns and cities) affected;
- A total of $850 million in damage.
The rains were the heaviest ever in Romania. The country was not prepared to face such a threat and moreover several artificial factors (illegal forest clearing, illegal mining, etc) have contributed to increased destruction. The most affected were infrastructure and housing. Thousands of families either lost their houses, or their homes and belongings have been partially destroyed or damaged.
The disaster, with glide number FL-2005-000111-ROM, was recognized internationally and has been present in international media across Europe.
At the Arges County level 14 rural localities were affected by the disaster, a total of 29 houses were destroyed, 347 were damaged and 358 ha of agricultural fields were compromised. Over 1200 people have partially lost their home and some have been displaced.
National and international relief and disaster response organizations ensured access to clean water and food to the affected people. Other community organizations, churches, companies or private individuals have been providing aid to families consisting of food, blankets and furniture and the local authorities were focusing on cleaning the flooded water wells and repairing the damages to infrastructure.
In these circumstances, I considered that it was our duty at Habitat for Humanity to use the existent knowledge and resources to help the reconstruction efforts in the communities affected by flooding so I initiated a plan proposal for a relief intervention in Arges County.
Initially our plan was to assist 49 families from Golesti village with rebuilding, consolidation and repairs for their houses, but we ended up extending our intervention to Micesti village and helped a total of 100 families with 96 repairs of their current houses, and 4 new housing units.
A special group of affected persons was represented by the Roma communities that were living in improvised houses and after the heavy flooding their shelters were in danger of collapse. They were living in inappropriate dwellings prior to the flooding and the water tide over one and a half meters high turned them into insecure buildings in danger of collapse. For this reason, some sixty Roma families where sleeping outside in their yards for fear of being trapped underneath the collapsing walls.
Working in partnership with the local authority’s specialists, a very thorough specialist investigation was conducted on the situation of the affected houses with recommendations for types of repair/ reconstruction needed.
While the local government declared that they had no resources to undertake a building project to assist the Roma families, they showed interest in supporting Habitat for Humanity in such an intervention and had allocated. both at county and at local level. staff to provide us with the needed information. In the same time, the local authorities allocated to Habitat for Humanity some resources designated by the government to these families (especially construction materials).
The project started in October 2005 and was finished in February 2006.
- We started by visiting all families in the flooded areas of the villages and evaluated the necessity of intervention in partnership with local governmental specialists. The results of this assessment were used in the selection process for the partner families that where included in the intervention program;
- Contracts were signed with the partner families and a partnership protocol was concluded with local governmental authorities;
- Immediately after, we started organizing the bids to select suppliers for construction materials and started the construction and renovation works.
- Four new houses were built and 96 houses were repaired by contributing house kits, construction materials, know-how and volunteer work;
- Over 250 local and international volunteers worked in the program;
- The flood affected persons were involved in the construction works, together with local and international volunteers;
- The project contributed to the local community development by applying the Habitat for Humanity model of “sweat equity” (those families able to do some unskilled work were encouraged to do it).
- Habitat for Humanity Pitesti’s activity was reflected by many national and local media and this contributed to the increase of visibility in the community;
- The project created a very good, long term relationship between Habitat for Humanity and local governmental authorities;
- From the point of effectiveness, the project succeeded, in just five months, to offer assistance to four times the amount of families (100 families) that Habitat for Humanity Pitesti managed to do in the previous five years of activity;
- This project gave us the opportunity to develop expertise for further disaster response operations.
You can watch a short video about how one of the houses was built in just one day. I can certify that the house was still in perfect shape five years later, in 2010, when I visited the area.
- Cost per new house = $6,212 (including all construction materials);
- Cost of repairs per house = $303;
- Value of the volunteer labor per housing unit = $1,465.